Other Species of Importance

Although important, the salmon is not the only kind of fish important to this Region.  Listed below are some more of the species that have been noted as important to the region, both from an ecological perspective and as related to subsistence use.

The families /subfamilies are described below, with a flashcard of each species within that family below it.

Family: Lotidae

This is a large family that is mostly made up of marine fishes in the northern hemisphere.  The life histories of the species in this family vary; some of the species enter fresh water, and as you will see the burbot is found strictly in fresh water.

Family: Osmeridae

This family is made up of a group of small fishes with slender bodies and forked tails.  The smelts may be entirely freshwater, anadromous or marine in their life history.  Spawning usually takes place in fresh water or on beaches, although a few spawn in the sea.

Family: Petromyzaontidae The family of the lampreys are a primitive group of “fish-like” creatures, who have no jaws, the mouth being a round sucking opening on the head and the body being long and eellike. Their skeletons are composed entirely of cartilage and contain no bone. Some species of lamprey are parasitic on fishes, but this is mostly found in anadromous species and confined entirely the marine phase of their life history.

Family Salmonidae, Subfamily: Coregoninae

Relative to other fishes in this family, these species have relatively large scales and teeth that are small and weak or absent. We will mention here five of the seven species in this subfamily that are considered to be of importance to the middle Kuskokwim Region.

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